Gun restriction laws focusing on people with mental illness perpetu ate the myth that mental illness leads to violence as well as the mis perception that gun violence and mental illness are strongly linked stigma represents a major barrier to access and treatment of mental illness which in turn increases the public health burden. The rising tide of gun related deaths and injuries in the us is often attributed to failures in the mental health system but the evidence show that mental illness is neither the most common reason for gun violence nor a good predictor of it. Only 4 percent of the violence not just gun violence but any kind in the united states is attributable to schizophrenia bipolar disorder or depression the three most cited mental illnesses in conjunction with violence in other words 96 percent of the violence in america has nothing to do with mental illness. Overall mass shootings by people with serious mental illness represent 1 percent of all gun homicides each year according to the book gun violence and mental illness published by the . Four assumptions frequently arise in the aftermath of mass shootings in the united states 1 that mental illness causes gun violence 2 that psychiatric diagnosis can predict gun crime 3 that shootings represent the deranged acts of mentally ill loners and 4 that gun control wont prevent another newtown connecticut school mass shooting
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